The small miniature types can be direct seeded after all risk of frost. It is advisable to start larger gourds indoors about 3 weeks before transplanting. Provide a warm soil temperature of 27°C (80°F) and a constant, even moisture. Individual peat pots are ideal since the plant roots will not have to be disturbed at the time of transplanting. Plant outside after all danger of frost in rows, hills or on a sturdy trellis. Rows should be spaced about 5½' apart with plants 45" apart. Fertilizing with a starter fertilizer at time of transplanting is recommended. Gourds require full sun, a pH of 6.5-7.5 and good soil moisture, particularly during fruit set. As they are moderate to heavy feeders, they require plenty of compost and well rotted manure worked into the soil prior to planting.